I think one of the most daunting things when I first started looking for a gun was what size bullet to get?
At the time I figured all bullets kill just fine so it was just a matter of what gun I like.
Ah, I was so young and naive back then.
As time has passed, I’ve learned that I was only half right…all bullets kill but some bullets kill better than others.
What we’re going to be talking about here is purely bullet size and the benefits/weaknesses of each. Now, there’s A LOT of sizes out there but I want to cover the ones you’re most likely to see and/or use. These are the ones that you can walk into just about any sporting goods store and buy.
Then we’ll follow up with some bullet terminology and the different types of bullet tips (hollow point, etc), how shotgun shell sizes work, and a breakdown of the components of a round. By the end you’ll be a bullet pro!
Bullet Size & Caliber
For guns, “caliber” means the diameter of the barrel and thus the diameter of the bullet that is going through it. Also for terminology sake, “bullet” just means the metal projectile, while the entire thing is called a cartridge.